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The Bubonic plague has had a major impact on the history of the world. Caused by the bacterium, Yersinia pestis, and transmitted by fleas often found on rats, bubonic plague killed over 50 million people over the centuries. Burrowing rodent populations across the world keep the disease present in the world today. Outbreaks, though often small, still occur in many places. The use of antibiotics and increased scientific knowledge first gained in the 1890s have reduced the destruction of plague outbreaks. In Medieval times, with the unknowing help of humans, bubonic plague exploded into a pandemic. Known as the Black Death, it decimated Europe in 1350, killing 1/3 of the population. It disrupted government, trade, and commerce. It reshaped people's perspectives on life and Christianity, and found expression in many works of art. The Bubonic plague's influence and effects have shaped events of the past and part of our world today.

This site will walk you through each aspect of the Black Death and show what long term effects it had on Europe.

Select one of the following links for more information:

[The Cause] - [The Disease] - [The Spread]

[The Results] - [Historical Accounts] - [Related Links]

[Email the Author]

J. Brenden 1998 for AP European History, Ms. Bodem